Introduction to SQL

Overview

This course is designed to give users an understanding of SQL Language. The course covers SQL commands for DML, DDL, Query, and Transaction Control operations.
This course is suitable for application designers and developers, database administrators and operators, and end users should attend this course.
There are no prerequisites for this course.
Upon completing this course, students will be able to:
  • Explain the difference between SQL, DML, and DDL statements
  • Write basic SQL queries to retrieve desired data
  • Use DML statements (insert, update, and delete)
  • Use DDL statements (create, alter, and drop)
  • Use transaction control statements to commit and rollback
  • Write advanced queries
  • Write scripts to perform queries and display reports
  • Control access to your database objects
Chapter 1: Database Design
  • Database Models
  • Beginnings
  • Some Introductory Terminology
  • Codd's 12 Rules
  • Normalization
  • First Normal Form
  • Higher Order Normal Forms
Chapter 2: Standard Interfaces
  • SQL
  • Architecture
  • Command Line Interface
  • Viewing a Sample Table
Chapter 3: The Sample Database
  • The Entity Relationship Model
  • Entity Relationship Diagrams
  • The Sample Database
  • ER Diagram for Sample Database
  • Creating the Sample Data
  • Viewing Sample Data Data
  • Types of the Sample Data
Chapter 4: Data Definition Language
  • Categories of SQL Statements
  • Datatypes
  • The CREATE Statement
  • The DROP Command
  • The ALTER Command
  • Integrity Constraints
  • Entity Integrity Constraints
  • Referential Integrity Constraints
  • Modifying Table to Use Constraints
  • Checking Constraints
  • The Data Dictionary
Chapter 5: Data Manipulation Language
  • DML Statements
  • The SELECT Statement
  • The INSERT Statement
  • The DELETE Statement
  • The UPDATE Statement
  • Chapter 6: Transaction Control
  • Transactions
  • Command Classification
Chapter 7: SQL Operators
  • Simple Selects
  • Comparison Operators
  • IN and NOT IN Operators
  • BETWEEN Operator
  • The LIKE Operator
  • Logical Operators
  • IS NULL and IS NOT NULL
  • ANY
  • ALL
Chapter 8: SQL Functions
  • Introduction
  • The DISTINCT Keyword
  • Aliases
  • Miscellaneous Functions
  • Mathematical Functions
  • String Functions
  • Date Functions
  • Conversion Functions
  • Pseudo Columns
Chapter 9: Joining Tables
  • Joins
  • Cartesian Product
  • Inner joins
  • Equi-Join
  • Table Aliases
  • Non-Equi Join
  • Non-Key Join
  • Reflexive Join
  • Natural Join
  • Outer Joins
  • Right Outer Join
  • Left Outer Join
  • Full Outer Join
  • Syntax for Outer Joins
Chapter 10: Set Operators
  • Introduction
  • Selection Criteria
  • Union
  • Union All
  • Intersect
  • Minus
Chapter 11: SQL Subqueries
  • Introduction
  • Using a Subquery with a DML Statement
  • Typical Subqueries
  • Subquery Operators
  • Standard vs. Correlated Subqueries
  • Correlated Subquery
  • Example Predicate Operators
Chapter 12: Groups
  • SQL Statements
  • GROUP BY Clause
  • HAVING Clause
  • Order of a SELECT Statement 
Chapter 13: More Database Objects
  • More Database Objects
  • Relational Views
  • Updating a View
  • Create or Replace
  • Forcing a View
  • The Data Dictionary Revisited
  • Indexes
  • Synonyms
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