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F5 Conf BIG-IP DNS – F5 Networks Configuring BIG-IP DNS: Domain Name System

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Overview

This course gives networking professionals a functional understanding of the BIG-IP DNS system as it is commonly used. The course covers configuration and ongoing management of the BIG-IP DNS system, and includes a combination of lecture, discussion, and hands-on labs.

Target Audience

This course is intended for system and network administrators responsible for installation, setup, configuration, and administration of BIG-IP DNS systems.

Prerequisites

Administering BIG-IP; TCP/IP Addressing and Routing, WAN/LAN elements; and Data Center Server redundancy concepts.

Course Objectives

  • Provision the BIG-IP system for operation
  • Back up the BIG-IP system configuration for safekeeping
  • Describe how the Domain Name System (DNS) resolves host names into IP addresses
  • Describe how the BIG-IP DNS system can participate in the DNS resolution process
  • Use DNS Express on the BIG-IP DNS system to accelerate DNS resolution
  • Cache DNS query responses on BIG-IP DNS to accelerate DNS resolution
  • Load balance DNS queries to a pool of DNS servers and monitor pool health
  • Configure the key features of the BIG-IP DNS system to perform intelligent DNS resolution
  • Describe the LDNS probes used by BIG-IP DNS to support path-based load balancing
  • Configure a wide IP pool to use a path load balancing method
  • View and confirm DNS resolution behavior using path load balancing methods
  • Use static and dynamic load balancing methods to intelligently resolve DNS queries
  • Use persistence to effectively return one or more clients to the same virtual server on each query
  • Use manual resume to control certain load balancing behavior in the event of an outage
  • Configure and use load balancing decision logs to fine-tune and troubleshoot DNS resolution
  • Configure monitors on the BIG-IP DNS system in support of DNS resolution
  • Configure BIG-IP DNS to participate in the DNSSEC chain of trust
  • Configure limit settings on virtual servers, servers, and wide IP pools to temporarily direct client traffic away from resources that may not be performing at certain thresholds of efficiency
  • Configure iRules on a wide IP to customize intelligent DNS resolution
  • Describe the other wide IP types provided with BIG-IP DNS
  • Configure a BIG-IP DNS sync group
  • Apply all the principles learned throughout the course to configure a BIG-IP DNS system based on hypothetical specifications

Full Course Outline

Lesson 1: Setting Up the BIG-IP System

  • Introducing the BIG-IP System 
  • Initially Setting Up the BIG-IP System 
  • Archiving the BIG-IP Configuration 
  • Leveraging F5 Support Resources and Tools 
  • Provision the BIG-IP System and Confirm Network Configuration

Lesson 2: Introducing the Domain Name System (DNS) and BIG-IP DNS

  • Understanding the Domain Name System (DNS) 
  • Reviewing the Name Resolution Process 
  • Implementing BIG-IP DNS 
  • Using DNS Resolution Diagnostic Tools

Lesson 3: Accelerating DNS Resolution

  • Introducing DNS Resolution with BIG-IP DNS 
  • BIG-IP DNS Resolution Decision Flow 
  • Configuring BIG-IP DNS Listeners 
  • Resolving DNS Queries in the Labs (Lab Zone Records) 
  • Load Balancing Queries to a DNS Server Pool 
  • Accelerating DNS Resolution with DNS Cache 
  • Accelerating DNS Resolution with DNS Express 
  • Introducing Wide IPs 
  • Using Other Resolution Methods with BIG-IP DNS 
  • Integrating BIG-IP DNS into Existing DNS Environments

Lesson 4: Implementing Intelligent DNS Resolutions

  • Introducing Intelligent DNS Resolution 
  • Identifying Physical Network Components 
  • Identifying Logical Network Components 
  • Collecting Metrics for Intelligent Resolution 
  • Configuring Data Centers 
  • Configuring a BIG-IP DNS System as a Server 
  • Configuring a BIG-IP LTM System as a Server 
  • Establishing iQuery Communication between BIG-IP Systems 
  • Configuring a Non-F5 Server 
  • Defining Links and Routers 
  • Configuring Wide IP Pools 
  • Configuring Wide IPs 
  • Managing Object Status 
  • Using the Traffic Management Shell (TMSH)

Lesson 5: Using LDNS Probes and Metrics

  • Introducing LDNS Probes and Metrics 
  • Types of LDNS Probes 
  • Excluding an LDNS from Probing 
  • Configuring Probe Metrics Collection

Lesson 6: Load Balancing Intelligent DNS Resolution

  • Introducing Load Balancing on BIG-IP DNS 
  • Using Static Load Balancing Methods 
  • Round Robin 
  • Ratio 
  • Global Availability 
  • Static Persist 
  • Other Static Load Balancing Methods 
  • Using Dynamic Load Balancing Methods 
  • Round Trip Time 
  • Completion Rate 
  • CPU 
  • Hops 
  • Least Connections 
  • Packet Rate 
  • Kilobytes per Second 
  • Other Dynamic Load Balancing Methods 
  • Virtual Server Capacity 
  • Virtual Server Score 
  • Using Quality of Service Load Balancing 
  • Persisting DNS Query Responses 
  • Configuring GSLB Load Balancing Decision Logs 
  • Using Manual Resume 
  • Using Topology Load Balancing

Lesson 7: Monitoring Intelligent DNS Resources

  • Exploring Monitors 
  • Configuring Monitors 
  • Assigning Monitors to Resources 
  • Monitoring Best Practices

Lesson 8: Advanced BIG-IP DNS Topics

  • Implementing DNSSEC 
  • Setting Limits for Resource Availability 
  • Using iRules with Wide IPs 
  • Introducing Other Wide IP Types 
  • Implementing BIG-IP DNS Sync Groups

Lesson 9: Final Configuration Projects

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